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CLASSIFICATION OF AZERBAIJANI POPULAR DANCES FR

Author: Elnara DADASHOVA                   City : Baku   Country : Azerbaijan

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Dances are deferent for their content. They are divided into dances as ceremony, labour, military and sport, heroic, ring and yalli from the standpoint of their content. All of these kinds have been explained above. Taking into consideration the variety of these yallis from content and form point of view we tried to systematize them and give the division of old dances, then yallis and in the end yalli dances belonging relatively to recent . times for their choreographic structure and plot.

Old yallis: "Tanzara", "Gopu", "Uch addim", "Dordayag"; Dances: "Galadan -gaIaya", "Uch addim", "Uzundara"; Dance with a plot: "Hayif alma". Dance performance: "Maral oyunu", "Kosa-gelin". First game and then dance; "Gopu", "Uch addim", "Gazi-gazi", "Tanzara", "Alma atag" ("Kim-kima"), "Vasfi hal", "Zopu-zopu". Dances with puppet: "Kilimarasi", " Gitgilida" (sometimes).

Yallis of contest nature: "Chop-chopu" (called as "Shareyi", as well), "Hayif alma" (children), "Tanzara". Yalli dances performed in sport competitions: "Heyrati" (before competition), "Yaylig", "Chovkan", "Surpapag". Yallis -dances connected with various ceremonies and family celebrations - Ring dance: "Gulum hey", "Hagishda" (performers find it yalli); in henna dyeing: "Zari-zari"; in nanays: "Deyishma", "Dayirmanchi qoja". Yalli dances connected with the names of animals: "Copu" (cranes), "Hoynara" (camel), "Dirgoyu" ("Siyagutu" - pheasant).

Yallis are performed in various compositions. Yallis performed by men; "Dirgoyu" yalli, "Cazi-gazi", "Chop-chopu", "Urfani", "Zari-zari". Old people: "Kurdun aghiri", "Uch panja", "Uzundara"; Youth: "Norashen" yalli, "Chop-chopu", "Nare" (supposed "Nareyi"), "Kochdu . balaban" (supposed), "Kurdun aghiri", "Bahar", "Khalil oldu", Children: "Norashen" yalli, "Hayif alma", "Dolma-dolma": Women: "Dona yalli", "Gatar Magami", "Vasfi-hal", "Gulmeyi", "Almalr", "Zari-zari".

There are joint (mixed) dances, as well. 1) "Tanzara (man, woman, child); 2) "Tello"; 3) "Hoynara" (two couples or one couple man and woman); 4) "Dord ayag"; 5)"Khalafi" (it may be also different); 6) "Kochari"; 7) "Arazi" ("Popuro"); 8) "Festi-vali" (music of Norashen yalli); 9) "Galadan-galaya" 10) "Kurdun aghiri".

Division into territories shows itself in the names of Yallis, as well and this elucidates where the dance was formed and spread. For instance: Nakhichevan: "Kochari" (yalli), "Urfani", "Tanzara", "Culmeyi", "EI yallisi"; Shahbuz: "Dordayag", "EI yallisi" ("Iki ayag), "Zari-zari", "Gaz-gazi", "Urfani", "Uch panja"; Araz: Arazi ("Popuro"); Gazakh: "Gazakh yallisi", "Salam aleykum", "Urfani": Sabirabad: "Jan lala"; Ordubad: "Uch ayag", "Uch addim", "Urfani", "Uch ayag" (Tanzara - differs from the one formed in Nakhchivan and Shahbuz); Shusha: "Finjan-finjan": Aghdam:"Nene" (Gulabli); Mountainous Garabagh: "Uzundara", Norashen: "Norashen" yalli, Gadabay-Tovuz: "Hayif alma"; Kalbajar : "Killm arasi", "Maral oyunu": Mingachevir: "Dolma -dolma"; Lankaran-Astara: "Halay", "Mujassama", "Kosa-gelin", "Khalil oldu", "Bahar"; Baku: "Zorkhana", "Finjan-finjan", "Gitgilida", "Sanami"; Shaki: "Urfani", "Zorkhana" , Zopu-Zopu", " Almali" (both in Zagatala-Gutgashen); Aghdam: "Urfani"; Lachin: "Urfani", "Maral oyunu"; Ganja: "Alma atag", "Zorkhana", "Heyrati": Shamakhi: "Zorkhana", "Cobustani", Shirvan: "Dayirmanchi goja" ; Ashgabad: "Davachi"; in the territory of Armenia: "Dord ayag", "Urfani", El yallisi is widely spread.

Thus we can come to the conclusion from the classification of the folk dances which we studied that the oldest dances were with plot in Azerbaijan. Along with them there are yallis, rings and dances formed recently and belonging to various genres for their subject.

NOTES

1. Jafarzade I. The oldest period of Azerbaijani history.// Essays on the old history of Azerbaijan", Publishing house: AZ Azerb. SSR, Baku, 1956, page 7-36

2.Ismayilov M.S. Genres of Azerbaijani folk music. Baku, Ishig, 1984, p. 100

3.Huseynli M.S. Azerbaijani National Dance Music // authors abstract of dissertation of the candidate for art criticism, Baku, 1966, p.48

4.Huseynli B.Kh. Principles of genre classification of Azerbaija ni National Dance Music, Educational notes of Azerbaijan State Conservatory, Baku, 1974, No.2, p.3-17

5.Huseynli B.Kh. Classification of Azerbaijani National Dance Music // Art of Azerbaijan, XII Baku: AN Azerb. SSR, . 1968, p.67-94

6.Huseynli B. Melodies of Azerbaijani folk dances. 1-st notebook. Baku, Azernashr, 1965, p.42

7.Huseynli B. Melodies of Azerbaijani folk dances. 2-nd notebook, "Halay" dance musk. Baku, Azerbaijan State Music, printing 1966, p.33

8.Isazada A., Mammadov N. Folk Music and dancing melodies (for Astara-Lankaran zone). Baku.Elm, 1975, p.100

9.Hasanov K. Azerbaijani Old Folklore Dances. Baku, Ishig, 1988, p.130

10.Bahmanli R. Azerbaijani Folk dances. Baku, Adiloglu, 2002. p.157


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